AP Music Theory

This course examines the fundamental building blocks of music theory. Students who successfully complete this course will have a solid foundation in music theory language that includes notation, major and minor scales, intervals, triads, inversions, voicing, part writing, and basic aural and dictation skills. RECOMMENDED PREREQUISITE: Students must complete an equivalent of an APMUSIC Theory semester 1 before taking UC SCOUT's AP Music Theory Semester II.

Register for AP Music Theory

Basic and On Demand are always open for registration.

Plus courses are created upon request.


Unit 1: What is Music Theory

  • What is Music Theory?
  • Pitch Notation System
  • Rhythmic Notation Elements
  • Rhythmic Notation System
  • Simple and Compound Meter

Unit 2: Scales

  • Half and Whole Steps
  • Accidentals and Chromaticism
  • Chromatic Scales
  • Major Scales
  • Major Key Signatures
  • Circle of Fifths
  • Major Scale Degrees
  • Fixed 'Do'
  • Movable 'Do'
  • Natural Minor
  • Harmonic Minor
  • Melodic Minor
  • Parallel and Relative Minor
  • Minor Key Signatures
  • Minor Scale Degrees

Unit 3: Intervals and Chords

  • Major and Perfect Intervals
  • Altered Intervals
  • Issues with Intervals

Unit 4: Diatonic Chords

  • Major Triads
  • Minor Triads
  • Diminished Triads
  • Augmented Triads
  • Four Part Voicing
  • Part Writing
  • First Inversion Triads
  • Second Inversion Triads


Unit 5: Modes

  • Modes

Unit 6: 7th Chords

  • Introduction to 7th Chords
  • 7th Chord Inversions

Unit 7: Roman Numeral Analysis and Voice Leading

  • Roman Numeral Analysis in Major Keys
  • Roman Numeral Analysis in Minor Keys
  • Roman Numeral Analysis and Figured Bass
  • Secondary Dominants
  • Modulation
  • Non-Harmonic Tones
  • Augmented 6th Chords
  • Chord Progressions and Cadences

Unit 8: Composition

  • Musical Structure
  • Musical Form
  • Composition and Score Analysis
  • Instrumental Writing and Transposition